Power steering fluid is a hydraulic fluid that transmits power in a vehicle’s power steering system. Over time, the fluid can become contaminated or deteriorate, which can affect the performance of the power steering system. Regular maintenance of the power steering fluid is recommended, including periodic replacement of the fluid.
Here are the steps to replace the power steering fluid:
- Park the vehicle on a level surface and turn off the engine.
- Locate the power steering fluid reservoir under the hood. It is typically located near the front of the engine and has a cap that says “power steering” or has a steering wheel symbol.
- Use a clean rag to wipe any dirt or debris from around the cap before removing it.
- Check the fluid level in the reservoir. The level should be between the minimum and maximum marks on the dipstick.
- If the fluid level is low, add new power steering fluid to the reservoir until it reaches the correct level.
- Place a drain pan under the power steering system to catch the old fluid.
- Remove the power steering fluid return line from the reservoir. This is typically a rubber hose that connects to the bottom of the reservoir.
- Allow the old fluid to drain completely into the drain pan.
- Reconnect the return line to the reservoir.
- Refill the reservoir with new power steering fluid, using a funnel if necessary.
- Turn the engine on and turn the steering wheel from side to side a few times to help circulate the new fluid through the system.
- Check the fluid level again and add more if necessary.
- Replace the cap on the reservoir and wipe any spilled fluid from around the reservoir.
It is important to use the correct type of power steering fluid specified by the vehicle manufacturer. Refer to the owner’s manual or a trusted repair manual for the correct type and amount of fluid to use.