Types of electric cars: Battery Electric Cars (BEC), Plug-in Hybrid Electric Cars (PHEC), Hybrid Electric Cars (HEC)

 types of electric cars

In this article we will learn about different types of electric cars. The classification of the electric car depends upon the degree that electricity is used as their energy source.

There are three basis types of electric cars:

  • Battery Electric Cars (BEC);
  • Plug-in Hybrid Electric Cars (PHEC);
  • Hybrid Electric Cars (HEC).

So let’s discuss about different electric car types one by one.

Battery Electric Cars (BEC)

Battery Electric Cars, also called EVs, are fully-electric cars with rechargeable batteries and no internal combustion engine. High-capacity battery packs store electricity onboard of a car. Electric battery power is used to run the electric motor and all car electronics. There are different electric car plug types for charging. The car plug classifications are Level 1 (standard household 120V), Level 2, and Level 3 or DC fast charging.  

Battery charging

Electric charging of level 1 provides charging of battery over 8 hours, for approximately 75-80 miles.  Specialized station provides level 2 charging (240V). It takes about 4 hours to charge a battery to 75-80 miles of range.

Also you can use level 3 charging or DC fast charging, that charge a battery in approximately 30 minutes to 90 miles of range.

Electric cars with dc fast charging: Tesla Model 3, BMW i3, Nissan Leaf, Ford Focus Electric, Tesla Model S, Mitsubishi I-MIEV, Kia Soul, Toyota RAV 4, Tesla X, Volkswagen e-Golf.   

Plug-in Hybrid Electric Cars (PHEC)

Plug-in Hybrid Electric Cars

Hybrid Electric Cars have possibilities recharge the battery through external source and regenerative braking. Plug-in Hybrid Electric Cars: Audi A3 E-TRON, Chevy Volt, Ford C-Max Energy, Ford Fusion Energy, Mini Cooper SE, Mercedes S550e, Mercedes C 350e, Hyundai Sonata, Kia Optima, Toyota Prius, Volvo XC90, Porsche Cayenne S, Porsche Panamera S.

Hybrid Electric Cars (HEC)

Hybrid Electric Cars are powered by both gasoline and electricity.Hybrid Electric Cars are usedregenerative braking system too. Hybrid Electric Cars: Toyota Prius Hybrid, Honda Civic Hybrid, Toyota Camry Hybrid.  

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Author: delfi

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