The engine block forms the basis framework of the water-cooled engine.
- What is it?
- It is the cylinder block. Cylinder block is the stationary part of engine. All moveable parts are atached into this framework. It is a casing for the engine’s main moving parts.
- Oh. It`s very interesting. What are these parts for?
- These are stationary parts furnish the framework of the engine. There are cylinder block and the cylinder head, the exhaust and intake manifolds.
Engine Cylinder block construction
The cylinder block is one-piece solid casting made of gray iron or iron that contains nickel or molybdenum). This is the best material provides excellent wearing qualities and low materials and production cost. But, some blocks have been casted from aluminum. Aluminum material is used whenever weight is a consideration.
The engine block contains many different components assembled onto it and cast into it. The cylinder block contains, for example, the crankcase, the lubricating passages, the coolant passages.
There are four-, six-, eight- cylinders into the engine block. Often cast-iron or steel cylinders have been used, because these metals are more resistant to wear.
The simplest and most common type of engine comprises four vertical cylinders close together in a row. This is known as an in-line engine.
Types of cylinder blocks:
- A. In-line block;
- B. V-type block;
- C. Opposed block.